What are cookies?

 

Cookies are files that can be downloaded to your computer through websites. They are tools that play an essential role in the provision of many information society services. Among others, they allow a website to store and retrieve information about the browsing habits of a user or his or her computer and, depending on the information obtained, they can be used to recognize the user and improve the service offered.

Types of cookies

Depending on the entity that manages the domain from which cookies are sent and treats the data obtained, two types can be distinguished:

- Own cookies: those that are sent to the user's terminal equipment from a computer or domain managed by the publisher itself and from which the service requested by the user is provided.

- Third-party cookies: those that are sent to the user's terminal equipment from a computer or domain that is not managed by the publisher, but by another entity that processes the data obtained through cookies.

In the case that cookies are installed from a computer or domain managed by the publisher itself but the information collected through them is managed by a third party, they cannot be considered as own cookies.

There is also a second classification according to the length of time they remain stored in the client's browser, which may be:

- Session cookies: designed to collect and store data while the user accesses a website. They are usually used to store information that is only interesting to keep for the provision of the service requested by the user on one occasion (eg a list of products purchased).

- Persistent cookies: the data is still stored in the terminal and can be accessed and processed during a period defined by the person responsible for the cookie, which can range from a few minutes to several years.

Finally, there is another classification with five types of cookies according to the purpose for which the data obtained is treated:

- Technical cookies: those that allow the user to navigate through a website, platform or application and use the different options or services that exist therein, such as, for example, controlling traffic and data communication, identifying the session, accessing restricted access areas, remembering the elements that make up an order, carrying out the purchase process of an order, making the application for registration or participation in an event, using security elements during navigation, storing content for the dissemination of videos or sound or sharing content through social networks.

- Personalization cookies: they allow the user to access the service with some general characteristics predefined according to a series of criteria in the user's terminal, such as language, the type of browser through which the user accesses the service, the regional configuration from which the user accesses the service, etc.

- Analysis cookies: they allow the person responsible for them to track and analyze the behavior of the users of the websites to which they are linked. The information collected by means of this type of cookie is used to measure the activity of the websites, application or platform and for the elaboration of navigation profiles of the users of these sites, applications and platforms, in order to introduce improvements based on the analysis of the use data made by the users of the service.

- Advertising cookies: they allow the management, in the most efficient way, of advertising spaces.

- Behavioral advertising cookies: they store information on user behavior obtained through continuous observation of their browsing habits, which allows the development of a specific profile to display advertising based on it.

- Cookies from external social networks: they are used to allow visitors to interact with the content of different social platforms (facebook, youtube, twitter, linkedIn, etc...) and are generated only for users of these social networks. The conditions of use of these cookies and the information collected is regulated by the privacy policy of the corresponding social platform.

Disabling and Deleting Cookies

You have the option to allow, block or delete the cookies installed on your computer by setting the options of the browser installed on your computer. By disabling cookies, some of the services available may no longer be operational. The way to disable cookies is different for each browser, but normally it can be done from the Tools or Options menu. 

You can also consult the browser's Help menu where you can find instructions. The user can at any time choose which cookies will work on this website.

You can allow, block or delete the cookies installed on your computer by configuring the options of the browser installed on your computer:

- Microsoft Internet Explorer or Microsoft Edge: http://windows.microsoft.com/es-es/windows-vista/Block-or-allow-cookies

- Mozilla Firefox: http://support.mozilla.org/es/kb/impedir-que-los-sitios-web-guarden-sus-preferencia

- Chrome: https://support.google.com/accounts/answer/61416?hl=es

- Safari: http://safari.helpmax.net/es/privacidad-y-seguridad/como-gestionar-las-cookies/

- Opera: http://help.opera.com/Linux/10.60/es-ES/cookies.html

In addition, you can also manage the cookie store in your browser through tools such as the following.

- Ghostery: www.ghostery.com/

The following identifies the cookies that are being used in this portal as well as their type and function:

- _ga

◦ Duration: 2 years

◦ Description: Serves to distinguish users. Generated by Google Analytics. Google stores the information collected by cookies on servers located in the United States, complying with European legislation on the protection of personal data and undertakes not to share it with third parties, except where required by law or necessary for the operation of the system. Google does not associate your IP address with any other information it has. If you wish to obtain more information about the cookies used by Google Analytics, please access this address: https://developers.google.com/analytics/devguides/collection/analyticsjs/cookie-usage?hl=es&csw=1

◦ Type: Third

◦ Purpose: Analytical

- cat_UA-1146675-13

◦ Duration: 1 year

◦ Description: Used to display our advertising on other pages in the Google network. Generated by Google Analytics. Google stores the information collected by cookies on servers located in the United States, complying with European legislation on the protection of personal data and undertakes not to share it with third parties, except where required by law or necessary for the operation of the system. Google does not associate your IP address with any other information it has. If you wish to obtain more information about the cookies used by Google Analytics, please access this address: 

https://developers.google.com/analytics/devguides/collection/analyticsjs/cookie-usage?hl=es&csw=1

◦ Type: Third

◦ Purpose: Behavioral advertising

- _gid

◦ Duration: 1 year

◦ Description: Generated by Google Analytics. Google stores the information collected by cookies on servers located in the United States, complying with European legislation on the protection of personal data and undertakes not to share it with third parties, except where required by law or necessary for the operation of the system. Google does not associate your IP address with any other information it has. If you wish to obtain more information about the cookies used by Google Analytics, please access this address: https://developers.google.com/analytics/devguides/collection/analyticsjs/cookie-usage?hl=es&csw

◦ Type: Third

◦ Purpose: Behavioral advertising

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